Co-sponsored with the Center for Psychoanalytic Studies

October 23, 2021

9:00 AM – 4:00 PM CST

5.5 CE/CME (Clinical)

Conference will be on Zoom Platform.

Register Here

The “other” and “othering” pervades not only our TV screens and various social media platforms, but our consulting rooms and our very subjectivity in ways both obvious and unexpected.  In this presentation, we will hear from three esteemed psychoanalysts, each representing three different psychoanalytic traditions: Object Relations, Self Psychology and Relational Theory.  In the morning, each presenter will address the concept of the “other” and “othering” and the various ways it suffuses the analytic process.  Each presenter will then respond to a clinical vignette presented in the afternoon, followed by a discussion and Q & A with all of the presenters.  Please join us for what promises to be a stirring and thought-provoking presentation & discussion.

Frank Summers, PhD (Object Relations)

Title: “What Sort of Other is the Analyst?”

This presentation will explore the different meanings of “Other” and “Othering” to argue that the analyst is “other” in a manner distinct from any other self-other relationship. Inherent in the analytic “other” is a distance and empathic bond on which the analyst’s therapeutic leverage is based. This view stands in contrast to therapeutic models that see the therapeutic leverage to lie in the analyst’s empathy. The implications for clinical technique and especially the transference are drawn out.


1. Describe the difference between the three primary ways “others” is used

2. Be able to describe the unique nature of analytic empathy

3. Describe the implications of the analyst as “other” for the analytic process


1. Benjamin, J. (2018) Beyond Doer and Done To. London: Routledge.

2. Aron, L (2006). A Meeting of the Minds. Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press.

3. Ogden, T. (1994). Subjects of Analysis. Northvale, NJ: Aronson.


A Training and Supervising Analyst at the Chicago Institute for Psychoanalysis, Dr. Summers is the author of four books, including his recently published The Psychoanalytic Vision: The Experiencing Subject, Transcendence, and the Therapeutic Process, a fresh approach to psychoanalytic therapy and its place in contemporary culture based on phenomenological philosophy. This book is the winner of the Gradiva Award for the best psychoanalytic book of 2013. His other three books include a best-selling textbook, Object Relations Theories and Psychopathology: A Comprehensive Text, and two clinical monographs explicating his theory of psychoanalytic therapy, Transcending The Self: An Object Relations Model of Psychoanalytic Therapy and Self Creation: Psychoanalytic Therapy and the Art of the Possible. In addition, he has published widely in psychoanalytic journals on these topics as well as the application of psychoanalytic therapy to character disorders.

Dr. Summers is a Diplomat in Clinical Psychology of the American Board of Professional Psychology, fellow of the Division of Psychoanalysis of the American Psychological Association, Professor of Clinical Psychiatry and the Behavioral Sciences at Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, and holds faculty appointments at The Chicago Center for Psychoanalysis where he is on the Advisory Board, the Minnesota Institute of Psychoanalysis, The Wisconsin Institute for Psychoanalysis, and The Tampa Bay Psychoanalytic Institute.

A member of the editorial board of Psychoanalytic Psychology, and an associate editor of Psychoanalytic Dialogues, Dr. Summers has won numerous teaching awards, including the Distinguished Educator Award of the International Federation of Psychoanalytic Education, the Hans Strupp Award for contributions to psychoanalysis from the Appalachian Psychoanalytic Society, the Joan Fleming Award for Teaching Excellence from the Chicago Institute for Psychoanalysis, and the Donals Kaplan Award for Teaching Excellence from the Chicago Center for Psychoanalysis, and the Teacher of the Year Award from the Department of Psychology, Northwestern University Medical Center.

Dr. Summers maintains a private practice in Chicago Illinois. His practice consists of psychoanalysis and psychoanalytic therapy, consultation, supervision, and study groups. Areas of specialization include depression, anxiety, identity confusion, relationship difficulties, problems of unfulfilled potential, and the application of psychoanalytic therapy to severe emotional disturbance.

Richard Geist (Self Psychology)

Title: “Connectedness, permeable boundaries, and the development of the self”

This presentation suggests that the establishing of connectedness and permeable boundaries, rather than otherness, between patient and analyst are the primary mutative factors in analytic treatment. Employing verbatim interactions between patient and analyst, we will illustrate how connectedness alters our understanding of transference, interpretation, resistance, our listening perspective, and the Disruption-Repair process.


After attending the program in its entirety, attendees will be able to:

1. Utilize a more experience near listening perspective instead of a more experience distant one

2. Implement an empathic connectedness with patients

3. Describe how permeable boundaries alters the nature of interpretation


1. Bacal, H. (1985), Optimal responsiveness and the therapeutic process. In: Progress in Self Psychology, Vol. 1, ed. A. Goldberg. New York: Guilford, pp. 202–227.

2. Kohut, H. (1984), How Does Analysis Cure. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

3. Ornstein, P. & Ornstein, A. (1994), On the conceptualization of clinical facts in psychoanalysis. Internat. J. Psycho-Anal. 75:977–994.


Richard Geist received his undergraduate degree and his doctorate in Psychology from Harvard University and for 35 years was Clinical Instructor, Department of Psychiatry (Psychology), Harvard Medical School. He is a Founding Member, Faculty, Supervising analyst, and member of the Board of Directors of The Massachusetts Institute for Psychoanalysis. In addition Dick has been on the Executive Board of the International Association for Psychoanalytic Self Psychology and is currently a council member. Dr. Geist was one of the first psychologists in Boston to embrace Self Psychology theory and practice, and he has been teaching and supervising it for over 30 years. He has written numerous papers on clinical self psychology, including papers on how empathy heals, re-conceptualizing the oedipal complex, boundaries in treatment, eating disorders, the forward edge, and several papers on connectedness between analyst and patient. He has been a senior supervising psychologist at Children’s Hospital and Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston. Dick maintains a private practice in psychoanalysis and psychotherapy in Newton, Massachusetts where he sees Children, adolescents, adults, and couples. He also supervises privately, teaches private self psychology seminars and directs a self psychology study group.

Steve Kuchuck (Relational)

Title: “Sex and Love on the Upper East Side”

Samuel entered treatment in his later years, although very much searching for the boy he had not yet been while on his way to becoming a man. Banished by family and society, sexuality had been forced underground for most of his adolescent and adult life. And so, his story begins to unfold. But a central tenet of the Relational perspective is that no patient can have their story written without the therapist’s also needing to be recorded. His—our—tale is one of loss and painful longing. It’s also a story of Otherness, developmental and treatment challenges, as well as a key component of the therapeutic action.


1. Define the concept of otherness

2. Give at least one example from their own practice in which their feeling of being Other became part of the therapeutic action

3. Define what is meant by the analyst’s subjectivity


1. The Relational Revolution in Psychotherapy and Psychoanalysis by Steven Kuchuck

2. Kuchuck, S. Sopher, R. (2017). Relational Psychoanalysis Out of Context: Response to Jon Mills. Psychoanal. Perspect., 14(3):364-376.

3. Kuchuck, S. (2018). The Analyst’s Subjectivity: On the Impact of Inadvertent, Deliberate, and Silent Disclosure. Psychoanal. Perspect., 15(3):265-274.

Bio: Senior Consulting Editor, Psychoanalytic Perspectives, Co-Editor; Routledge Relational Perspectives Book Series, Past President of the International Association for Relational Psychoanalysis and Psychotherapy, faculty, NYU Postdoc and Board Member, supervisor, faculty at NIP, and faculty/supervisor at the NIP National Training Program and other institutes. Dr. Kuchuck’s teaching and writing focus primarily on the clinical impact of the therapist’s subjectivity. His new book, The Relational Revolution in Psychoanalysis and Psychotherapy is an introduction to and exploration of Relational psychoanalysis. Gradiva Award winner for best psychoanalytic books: Clinical Implications of the Psychoanalyst’s Life Experience: When the Personal Becomes Professional and The Legacy of Sandor Ferenczi: From Ghost to Ancestor

Continuing Education: Division 39 is approved by the American Psychological Association to sponsor continuing education for psychologists. Division 39 maintains responsibility for this program and its content.

This activity has been planned and implemented in accordance with the accreditation requirements and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint providership of American Psychoanalytic Association and Center for Psychoanalytic Studies as co-sponsors of Austin Psychoanalytic Association. The American Psychoanalytic Association is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.”

The American Psychoanalytic Association designates this Live Activity for a maximum of 5.5 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

IMPORTANT DISCLOSURE INFORMATION FOR ALL LEARNERS: None of the planners and presenters for this educational activity have relevant financial relationship(s)* to disclose with ineligible companies* whose primary business is producing, marketing, selling, re-selling, or distributing healthcare products used by or on patients.

*Financial relationships are relevant if the educational content an individual can control is related to the business lines or products of the ineligible company.

Updated July 2021

Austin Psychoanalytic is approved by the Texas State Board of Social Workers Examiners (Provider # 5501) to provide continuing education for social workers and the Texas State Board of Examiners of Marriage and Family Therapists (Provider #1138). We also meet the requirements to provide continuing education for the Texas State Board of Examiners of Professional Counselors.

This program, when attended in its entirety, is available for 3.0continuing education credits. Division 39 is committed to accessibility and non-discrimination in its continuing education activities. Division 39 is also committed to conducting all activities in conformity with the American Psychological Association’s Ethical Principles for Psychologists. Participants are asked to be aware of the need for privacy and confidentiality throughout the program. If program content becomes stressful, participants are encouraged to process these feelings during discussion periods. If participants have special needs, we will attempt to accommodate them. Please address questions, concerns and any complaints to There is no commercial support for this program nor are there any relationships between the CE Sponsor, presenting organization, presenter, program content, research, grants, or other funding that could reasonably be construed as conflicts of interest. Participants will be informed of the utility/validity of the content/approach discussed (including the basis for the statements about validity/utility), as well as the limitations of the approach and most common (and severe) risks, if any, associated with the program’s content.